Criminal Defense Lawyers defend students against different types of crimes ranging from crimes of violence to drug possession in Pennsylvania and New Jersey
Illegal Search & Seizure
The burden to prove that consent is voluntary is always on the prosecution. Courts determine consent based on the totality of the circumstances.
If police have probable cause to initiate a stop, theyre permitted to remove the driver if they have reasonable suspicion to believe that a crime has occurred
Pennsylvania courts are very clear that a police officer may stop an individual based on an observation of a single alleged drug or Narcotic transaction
Pennsylvania does not permit the search of an occupant unless there is reasonable suspicion that he is armed
A protective sweep for police officer safety only requires that law enforcement establish reasonable suspicion, which is a lower form of probable cause.
A police officer who has a substantial amount of experience and training in narcotics enforcement can detain a suspect based on that experience
The fact that a person confesses to a crime, however, doesnt necessarily mean that that the statement was voluntary.
Your constitutional rights only apply in situations where a government agent is conducting the search of you or your belongings.
Students go to school for education and teachers must be able to maintain order. It is for this reason that the law relaxes constitutional protections